Unlike those in Ireland, many English and French surnames are derived from localities. The Statutes of Kilkenny (40 Edw. 3) of 1366 were an attempt to stop ‘creeping Irishness’ and one requirement was every Englishman should not follow Irish naming patterns. These were followed by Edward IV’s law (1483) that compelled “certaine Irish” to adopt surnames – “They shall take unto them a Surname, ………………..either of some Town, or some Colour, as Black or Brown, or some Art or Science, as Smyth or Carpenter, ……….etc.” This seems to have worked to a small extent with occupational names – e.g. Mac Gabhan/Smith and the MacGiolla- prefixes, but use of a placename as a surname appears to have been largely ignored. Some examples are :
Brosnan, Cashell, Finglas, Galway, Kilcullen, Kilkenny, Laffan, Monahan, Santry, Swords.
Can anyone add to the list?